Multiple choice quizzes are one of the most widespread examination methods. They’ve been helping teachers to test a large number of students quickly and efficiently for over half a century now. Today new technologies have arrived, and both academics and trainers from all over the world have even more opportunities. In this article we'll demonstrate how to create multiple choice quizzes, and explain what advantages make them so popular.
Brief Introduction to Multiple Choice Quizzes
A multiple choice quiz or multiple choice item consists of two parts: a so-called stem and a set of probable responses. A stem can take the form of an actual question, phrase, incomplete sentence, or mathematical equation. For more advanced tests, it can consist of numerous elements, such as graphs, tables, case studies, detailed descriptions, or other relevant information. The probable responses represent a set of options, from which an examinee should choose. There are two types of options: the correct or best choice called the key, and other options called distractors. Note that in multiple response quizzes more than one key can be chosen.
Multiple choice quizzes are used in a variety of situations that are not limited to educational examinations. Such tests are also a helpful tool for market researches and surveys, employee assessments, and elections.
Step-by-step Guide to the Creation of Multiple Choice Quizzes
In this article, we will demonstrate how to create a math quiz with multiple choice questions in iSpring QuizMaker.
- Download iSpring QuizMaker free trial.
- Launch iSpring QuizMaker. Click the Menu button in the upper left corner.
- Choose Create New Quiz. Then, choose the quiz type Graded Quiz.
- Click the Graded Question button on the toolbar and choose Multiple Choice.
- Type a text in the Question Pane. Customize question text style and add media resources to it.
- Add several choices to your question in the Answer Details area. If your answers represent formulas or equations, you can easily add them by clicking the Insert Equation button next to the question/answer field. This will automatically open Microsoft Equation Editor.
- In the Options area, uncheck the Use default options checkbox and change defaults if necessary.
- If necessary, change feedback settings for the question.
- Enable branching if you want to control the order of questions in quizzes depending on the students' answers.
One of the ways to use branching effectively is to add informational slides that will be displayed according to examinees’ choices. If a student repeats the same mistakes on a certain topic, he or she needs additional information to fill the gap.
Check out these demo quizzes created with iSpring QuizMaker.
Online Services for Creating Multiple Choice Quizzes
In this article we prepared a comprehensive review of various services that can help you create online quizzes, including multiple choice ones. One of the ways to do it is to choose from numerous online tools. However, note that this method may complicate the process due to different output formats, pop-up ads, difficulties in sharing material, and connection failures.
You can try to create a multiple choice item with ProProfs Quiz School online exam software. It allows users to both create a test and share it with an embed code or a direct link. Actual responses of examinees will not be available, but the last 100 results are stored online on ProProfs’ servers. Test takers report that sometimes ads block question texts on the right part of the screen.
LimeSurvey is another online authoring service. It has a free trial period and a few premium packages at flexible pricing. The key may also expire when the maximum number of uses has been reached. Since it’s open source software, it can be downloaded to computers as well. Expert users can take advantage of the available source code to add new features. In general, the tool is very flexible, but has a rather complex interface, so it’s mostly suited for advanced users.
The popular online service, Google Docs, offers another solution for creating multiple response quizzes – Google Form. The tests can be shared via a direct link or an embed code. Test takers’ responses are stored in a Google Spreadsheet for future tracking and analysis. However, the service doesn’t grade results and is more appropriate for creating surveys than quizzes and tests. In order to use Google Form, you need to have a Google account first.
Desktop Solutions for Multiple Choice Quizzes
Downloadable software keeps users independent from an Internet connection. One desktop solution is the Multiple Choice Quiz Maker, an easy authoring kit with a user-friendly interface. As the software’s name suggests, there’s only one type of quiz that can be created. To start, enter the quiz title and write down questions and answers. You’re welcome to add multimedia files, however there’s a possibility that compatibility issues will occur. In addition, the import options are quite limited and only let you interact with similar materials. As for exporting, projects made with Multiple Choice Quiz Maker are converted to HTML, MHT or EXE formats.
The iSpring team has designed a tool that is simple to use, yet also enhanced with various options.
iSpring QuizMaker works as an individual product and as a part of a PowerPoint add-in, iSpring Suite 8. You can select from from 11 graded and 12 survey question types, including multiple choice quizzes. Don’t hesitate to create audio and video questions, add hyperlinks, and provide images and formulas for both questions and answer choices. All of the material will be perfectly played in any digital environment including desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. The tool allows users to easily share quizzes in iSpring Cloud, a convenient hosting and sharing platform.
Why Use Multiple Choice Quizzes
The decision to use multiple choice tests should depend on the purposes of a test. As with any other kind of evaluation, there’s a number of challenges that multiple choice quizzes successfully meet. This type of assessment is perfect for checking factual and procedural knowledge, an essential part of the natural sciences.
Any test creation implies a certain sampling of the studied material. With multiple choice quizzes, teachers can cover a really broad selection of content. The reason for this is that such tests require less time to pass for a given amount of material than open-answer tests do, and thus help evaluate extensive knowledge. That’s why multiple choice quizzes are widely used in final exams, where a large sampling is required.
Well-designed multiple choice quizzes can be called objective since there’s always an easy way to recognize the key answer and compare it to the student’s choice. Moreover, these tests are often based on unbiased machine scoring, which leaves no room for subjective factors in evaluation. A computer’s help is also critical if you don’t have enough time for scoring, or you need to assess a great number of students.
Wide sampling of multiple choice quizzes provide teachers with patterns of incorrect responses that, eventually, help them understand individual or group gaps in knowledge. This sort of diagnostic feedback points to the areas that need improvement, and distinguishes learners who grasp the material from those who don’t. Once again, modern technologies lend teachers a hand by processing big amounts of data and supplying detailed statistics on test results.
Teach Through Evaluation
Multiple choice tests are most commonly recognized as the way to measure academic achievements and determine course grades. However, assessment and instruction are interconnected parts of one unified learning process and, therefore, these tests also help promote and refine learning. In fact, evaluation is not about grading, it’s essentially designed to assist students to learn better. In order to build quizzes that not only assess how much your students have learned, but also provide opportunities for them to learn more, check out this article on five secrets to creating quizzes that are learning opportunities.
Multiple choice quizzes are irreplaceable when assessing the breadth of learning of a large number of students. This type of evaluation goes hand-in-hand with computer technologies, which help first create tests from top-to-bottom, then easily share them with examinees, then get detailed statistics on their results. Don’t hesitate to take advantage of quiz maker software that helps both teachers and students achieve greater results.